According to the European Commission, precisely with regard to the initiatives aimed at supporting the transition towards the circular economy across the EU overall territory, among the different relevant stakeholders industries play a considerable role as concerns the importance of facilitating the industrial symbiosis process, so that – as a result – it will be possible to reduce the average of the emissions of hazardous substances, which in turn contaminate certainly air and in general environment while being harmful to health.
In this respect, worthy of mention, is the “Report from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on the Implementation of the Circular Economy Action Plan” (published on the fourth of March of this year), in which the European Commission itself asserts that industries – in particular SMEs – represent the core in relation to the transition from a linear to a circular economy model:
“New circular business models, recycling, energy and material efficiency and new consumption patterns have a significant potential to cut global greenhouses gas emissions. Promoting this joint approach in companies – including SMEs – and communities can at the same time reduce production costs and support new forms of business interaction such as industrial symbiosis”.
On this subject, while analyzing the case focused on the South Baltic Sea, one can well argue that industrial symbiosis is mostly fostered by Sweden and Denmark, as it may be confirmed by taking into consideration the presence of operative industrial parks (e.g. IPOS/Kemiran in Helsingborg or Novo Nordisk in Kalundborg).
In line with the Interreg South Baltic Programme 2014-2020, it should be reasonable to take into account the UBIS ( Urban Baltic Industrial Symbiosis) project, whose main objective is based on the reduction of the emissions through energy savings during the different steps connected to the industrial symbiosis process, as well as the management of green technologies for boosting the surplus energy and utilization of waste as an energy source. In other words, in agreement with the partners involved in implementing the project at issue, “UBIS focuses on initiating industrial symbiosis in order to make use of energy and other resources that would otherwise go to waste. Thus, emissions of hazardous substances to environment and humans will be reduced. […] Industrial symbiosis represents a large opportunity to save resources, especially energy. Many industries commit large volumes of hot warm water, steam and wast that can be used directly by other companies or for the purpose of heating hearby buildings or deliver heat to district heating grids”.
Notwithstanding industrial symbiosis is not largely widespread, and in the same way, in many regions of all Member States bordering on the South Baltic Sea, per contra, it also true that the different partners – regardless of their nature, whether private or public – engaged in running those projects with the purpose of enhancing industrial symbiosis should, at a larger extent, collaborate through the cross-border approach in order to find out common solutions and eventually adopting an equal industry symbiosis approach, to live in cleaner-air and helthier cities .